A wintering bird on a small mountain river on Mt.Katsuragi, Osaka.
Three woodpeckers can be seen in Kyoto, Japanese Pygmy is very common in parks and gardens as well as woodland, Great Spotted is common, especially in winter, on the surrounding hills and Japanese though less numerous can still be found on surrounding hills. Japanese used to breed in the Fushimi Inari Shrine precinct and on occasion visit city parks. Higher into the mountains away from the city White-backed is fairly common. In areas like Ashyu Forest to the north or Nara/Wakayama mountains to the south Great Spotted and White-backed seem comparable in number, and Japanese is far more easily seen in these areas.
For anyone interested in woodpeckers Hokkaido is the place for both variety and numbers.
Japanese Pygmy Woodpecker in the botanical gardens, Kyoto city, 7 March 2012.
Two Lesser Spotted Woodpeckers in what I'd have thought was unusual habitat near Abashiri, Hokkaido 31 December 2012.
Another LSW in the same general area as the above birds.
Male White-backed Woodpecker, Woody Pal, Shiga. They're more often heard than seen in summer but once the leaves have fallen they're much easier, as long as snow allows access to the mountain tracks.
White-backed near Kawayu Onsen, Hokkaido 12 August 2012.